Pope ist

Papst (von griechisch πάππας pappas „Vater, Bischof“; kirchenlat. papa; mhd. babes[t]) ist der geistliche Titel des Oberhaupts der römisch-katholischen Kirche (auch: Heiliger Vater oder Santo Padre) und der koptischen Kirche.

Unter der Bezeichnung Heiliger Stuhl agiert der römische Papst sowohl allein als auch zusammen mit der Kurie international als nichtstaatliches Völkerrechtssubjekt[1] und vertritt zugleich den Staat der Vatikanstadt als staatliches Völkerrechtssubjekt, dessen Staatsoberhaupt er ist.[2] Als absoluter Monarch der Vatikanstadt ist der Papst auch Gesetzgeber und wird in dieser Funktion durch eine Kommission vertreten.[3] Er kann auch Regelungen bezüglich der Papstwahl (Konklave) und der gesetzgebenden Kommission außer Kraft setzen.

Derzeitiger Amtsinhaber ist der am 19. April 2005 im Konklave gewählte ehemalige deutsche Hochschullehrer Joseph Ratzinger, der den Papstnamen Benedikt XVI. gewählt hat.

Die Kathedralkirche des Papstes ist die Lateranbasilika. Sie ist die ranghöchste der römischen Patriarchalbasiliken. Amtssitz des Papstes ist der Vatikan. Seit 1871 residiert der Papst im Apostolischen Palast neben dem Petersdom. Seine Amtsräume befinden sich im zweiten Stock des Apostolischen Palastes, er selbst wohnt im dritten Stock des Palastes. Vor dem 13. Jahrhundert residierte der Papst im Lateran.


Pope (disambiguation)

Pope is a religious title (see Pope (word)) traditionally accorded to the Bishop of Alexandria (origin) and the Bishop of Rome, as well as several other religious figures.

Pope is also a surname, and has been used as a place name.

Religious offices


Pope (word)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pope is a title traditionally accorded to the Patriarch of Alexandria, the Bishop of Rome, and the holders of other ecclesiastical offices.


The word "pope" is derived ultimately from the Greek πάππας[1] (pappas[2]) originally an affectionate term meaning "father", later referring to a bishop or patriarch.[3] The earliest record of the use of this title is in regard to the Patriarch of Alexandria, Pope Heraclas of Alexandria (232–248)[4][5] in a letter written by his successor, Pope Dionysius of Alexandria, to Philemon, a Roman presbyter:

τοῦτον ἐγὼ τὸν κανόνα καὶ τὸν τύπον παρὰ τοῦ μακαρίου πάπα ἡμῶν Ἡρακλᾶ παρέλαβον.[6]

Which translates into:

I received this rule and ordinance from our blessed father/pope, Heraclas.[7][8]

From the early 3rd century the title was applied generically to all bishops.[9][10] The earliest extant record of the word papa being used in reference to a Bishop of Rome dates to late 3rd century, when it was applied to Pope Marcellinus.[11]

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the earliest recorded use of the title "pope" in English is in an Old English translation (c. 950) of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People:

Þa wæs in þa tid Uitalius papa þæs apostolican seðles aldorbiscop.[12]

In Modern English:

At that time, Pope Vitalian was chief bishop of the apostolic see.

Later history and contemporary use

The title "pope" continues to be used by Alexandrian bishops; both the Coptic Orthodox and Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria are known as the "Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria".[13][14]

In the Western Christian world "pope" is chiefly associated with the Bishops of Rome — from the 5th or 6th century it became, in the West, a title reserved exclusively for these bishops.[15][16] In 998 an Archbishop of Milan was rebuked for having called himself "pope",[17] and in 1073 it was formally decided by Pope Gregory VII that no other bishop of the Roman Catholic Church would hold the title.[18][19]

In the Slavic languages of many Eastern Orthodox countries the term "pope"[20] (поп, піп; pop) means "priest"; these include Russian,[21] Ukrainian,[22] Serbian,[23] and Bulgarian.[24] The Romanian popă has the same meaning.[25] When context is clear, "pope" may also be used in English to mean "Eastern Orthodox priest".[26][27][28]

[1] Liddell and Scott
[2] American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language
[3] Pope, Etymonline. Retrieved 07-15-2012
[4] "Get to Know Popes of East & West". Amazon. Retrieved 2010-11-07.
[5] History of the Coptic Church, Iris Habib Elmasry.
[6] Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica Book VII, chapter 7.7
[7] "I received this rule and ordinance from our blessed father, Heraclas". Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History (translation by Arthur Cushman McGiffert).
[8]  "This rule and form I have received from our father (παπα) the blessed Heraclas". Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History (translation by Christian Frederic Cursé).
 [9] "Pope", Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, Oxford University Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-19-280290-3
 [10] O'Malley, John W. (2009). A History of the Popes: From Peter to the Present. Sheed & Ward. p. 15. ISBN 978-1580512275
[11] Walsh, Michael J. (1998). Lives of the popes: Illustrated Biographies of Every Pope From St Peter to the Present. p. 34. ISBN 978-0861019601
[12] "pope, n.1". OED Online. September 2011. Oxford University Press. 21 November 2011
[13] Meinardus, Otto F. (2003). Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity. The American University in Cairo Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-9774247576
[14] Bailey, Betty Jane, Bailey, Martin J. (2003). Who Are The Christians In The Middle East?. William B Eerdmans Publishing Co. p. 64. ISBN 978-0802810205
[15] Greer, Thomas H, Lewis, Gavin (2004). A Brief History of the Western World. Cengage Learning. p. 172. ISBN 9780534642365)
[16] Mazza, Enrico (2004). The Eucharistic Prayers of the Roman Rite. Liturgical Press. p. 63. ISBN 9780814660782
[17] Addis, William E., Arnold, Thomas (2004). A Catholic Dictionary Containing Some Account of the Doctrine, Discipline, Rites, Ceremonies, Councils and Religious Orders of the Catholic Church: Part Two. Kessinger Publishing. p. 667. ISBN 978-0766193802
[18] Gerhart, Mary, Udoh, Fabian E. (2007). The Christianity Reader. University of Chicago Press. p. 494. ISBN 978-0226289595
[19] Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-1434458766
[20] Stankiewicz, E. (1993). The Accentual Patterns of the Slavic Languages. Stanford University Press. p. 122. 978-0804720298
[21] Ioann Shusherin et al (2007). From Peasant to Patriarch: Account of the Birth, Upbringing, and Life of His Holiness Nikon, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. Lexington Books. p. 182. ISBN 978-0739115794
[22] Subtelny, Orest (2008). Ukraine: A History. Univ. Toronto Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-0802083906
[23] Magner, F. Thomas (1995). Introduction to the Croatian and Serbian Language. Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 201. ISBN 978-0271015361
[24] Tomic, Olga Miseska (2004). Balkan Syntax and Semantics. John Benjamins Pub Co. p. 108. ISBN 978-1588115027
[25] Ethnologica. Association d'histoire comparative des institutions et du droit de la République socialiste Roumanie, 1982.
[26] "pope, n.1". OED Online. Oxford University Press.
[27] pope, noun, 5b. Reference.com.
[28] Von Haxthausen, Baron (1968). The Russian Empire: Its People, Institutions and Resources. Routledge. p. 74. ISBN 978-0415410625